Buddhist places and pilgrimage sites in India

  1. Bodh Gaya, Bihar: Bodh Gaya is the most sacred site in Buddhism as it is where Siddhartha Gautama (Lord Buddha) attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree. The Mahabodhi Temple and the Bodhi tree are the main attractions.
  2. Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh: Sarnath is where Buddha gave his first sermon after attaining enlightenment. The Dhamek Stupa and the Mulagandha Kuti Vihara are important landmarks.
  3. Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh: Kushinagar is where Lord Buddha passed away and achieved Mahaparinirvana. The Mahaparinirvana Temple and the Ramabhar Stupa are significant sites here.
  4. Lumbini, Nepal (near the India-Nepal border): Lumbini is the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama, and it is where he spent his early years. The Maya Devi Temple and the Ashoka Pillar are prominent attractions.
  5. Sankisa, Uttar Pradesh: Sankisa is believed to be the place where Buddha descended from heaven after preaching to his mother. The Asokan Pillar is a historical artifact here.
  6. Vaishali, Bihar: Vaishali was a significant place in Buddha’s life and teachings. It is where he delivered his last sermon and announced his impending Mahaparinirvana.
  7. Rajgir, Bihar: Rajgir is associated with several events in Buddha’s life, including the first Buddhist council. The Gridhakuta Hill, Vulture Peak, and the Japanese Temple are key sites.
  8. Nalanda, Bihar: Nalanda is known for the ancient Nalanda University, a center of Buddhist learning. The Nalanda Archaeological Site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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